HOW TO TREAT MENOPAUSE
Here we will cover the various forms of treatment currently offered for menopause relief. As for which is best, that can be disputed. We are not here to make any such claims. Our goal is to simply share our knowledge and help you make the right decision for your specific situation.
HRT is possibly the most popular – and effective –
treatment for menopausal symptoms, but it is also
recognized as the most dangerous. HRT refers to
the injection of processed hormones into a woman’s
body via pill, patch, gel, cream, skin spray,
subcutaneous implants, etc.
HRTs are renowned for their ability to relieve most symptoms of menopause and help fight osteoporosis. However, recent studies show that while they’re highly beneficial for fighting symptoms of menopause, long-term use of HRTs is associated with adverse side effects such as increased chances of breast cancer, cardiovascular disease and blood clots.
Recent developments have shown light on a new, healthier form of HRT, known as bio-identicals, or BHRT. The difference between a BHRT and a standard HRT is that the bio-identical hormones are molecularly structured in a way that your body absorbs and reacts to them more easily. While this is a huge step in the right direction, it’s worth noting that BHRTs still show signs of having serious side effects. There is currently not enough data to prove that they are actually any healthier than standard HRTs. The question for you is this: are the pains of menopause so bad that it’s worth taking on that extra risk? As always, consult your doctor before taking any medication.
Aside from HRTs, there are a handful of other
prescriptions that can offer relief from symptoms
of menopause. Once again, HRTs are the most
popular because they offer the most complete
relief from hot flashes – the most widely dreaded
symptom of all. However, here are some other
prescription drugs known to help alleviate
symptoms of menopause:
- Antidepressants – Aside from obviously helping to relieve depression (yet another symptom of menopause), antidepressants have been said to help treat hot flashes, too.
- Gabapentin – Sold primarily as a drug for treating seizures, it’s also known to help with hot flashes.
- Clonidine – Another drug said to be good at treating hot flashes. Originally formulated to fight high blood pressure. Note: negative side effects are common.
- Bisphosphonates – A popular non-hormonal way to treat bone density loss and osteoporosis.
- SERMs (Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators) – SERMs mimic the effects of estrogen to help prevent breast cancer and osteoporosis, but can come with dangerous side effects such as blood clots, stroke or endometrial cancer.
- Vaginal Estrogen – Treats dryness, discomfort and urinary symptoms by applying a small amount of estrogen directly to the vagina via a tablet, ring or cream.
While prescriptions are all individually effective, mixing pills to fight various symptoms can be counter-productive or even dangerous and addictive. Not to mention perpetually expensive. If you can afford it, and they work in your case, then more power to you. If you can’t afford it, or you’re just not a fan of popping pills, then perhaps alternative medicine is the way to go.
The term “alternative medicine” covers a broad
range of menopausal treatments. This could be
anything from an herbal remedy to acupuncture.
One common form of alternative medicine is
phytoestrogens – a botanical source that mimics
the effects of human steroidal estrogen. However,
while safer than their counterpart SERMs, some
studies question the validity of phytoestrogens in combating osteoporosis and other symptoms of menopause.
Acupuncture has been highly regarded as being able to subdue hot flashes, but is also questioned in its validity to treat other symptoms of menopause. Meditation and yoga are also known to help.
Supplements are considered a form of alternative
medicine, but for the sake of clarity, we will create
a separate category for them here. Below is a list
of supplements commonly consumed to fight
symptoms of menopause.
- Black Cohosh – The top selling menopause
supplement in the U.S., this root is apparently
great at fighting hot flashes, although recent studies dispute its efficacy. Beware though; it can also be toxic for your liver.
- Flaxseed – Known for alleviating mild cases of hot flashes and night sweats.
- Calcium – while it doesn’t help relieve those pesky hot flashes, calcium is crucial in preventing bone loss and osteoporosis.
- Red Clover – the natural estrogen in this plant is thought to help alleviate symptoms of menopause, but it is currently unproven. Red Clovers are also considered to increase risk of estrogen-positive cancers.
- Vitamin D – like calcium, its primary function is maintaining bone density.
- Wild Yams – They have natural compounds resembling estrogen and progesterone. But so far, clinical studies have not found that they ease menopausal symptoms.
- Ginseng – Popular for improving mood and sleep, but no signs of alleviating hot flashes.
- St. John’s Wort – A well-known remedy for depression, but once again, no help for the other symptoms of menopause.
- Sage – Once thought to offer immortality, sage does have estrogen-like qualities. Preliminary studies are promising, but nothing conclusive can be determined yet.
- Dong Quai – This root has been a popular ingredient in Chinese medicine for thousands of years. However, recent clinical studies show no benefits. And possible side effects.
- Soy – Apparently great at reducing hot flashes, but unbalanced estrogen levels can cause side effects as well.
As always, consult your doctor before taking any medication for your menopause symptoms. Or any medication at all, for that matter. Hopefully this outline of possible menopausal solutions has helped you understand the benefits and risks of what’s out there...
And whatever solution you and your doctor agree upon, always practice healthy living in conjunction with the choices you make:
Regular exercise—at least 30 minutes a day, 3
times a week—can significantly reduce symptoms
of menopause, especially combating weight gain
and bone density loss. Furthermore, not exercising
can increase symptomatic stress, so the benefits of
working out are compounded. .